Carol Falender, Ph.D.
Competency-based Clinical Supervision
Essential Practices for Telesupervision
With the recognition that clinical supervision is a distinct professional practice comes the necessity for formal training to competency for supervisors. Competencies are available for all mental health professions. Competency-based clinical supervision is evolving quickly. A reflective, mindful approach, competency-based clinical supervision is strength-based, focused on upholding values and ethics of the profession, and devoted to enhancing supervisee competence, professionalism, and development while monitoring and gatekeeping for the protection of the client and the profession. This approach is metatheoretical which means it applicable with every supervision model (e.g., developmental, psychotherapy model-based). Competency-based supervision provides an intentional, systematic approach to supervision practice.
The competency-based approach entails self-assessment of competencies which then serve as the beginning point for goals and tasks of supervision, development of the supervisory relationship, identifying relationship strain, ruptures, and knowing how to repair them. The framework incorporates and infuses multicultural diversity into all its multiple aspects for all participants. Competencies also include monitoring, giving ongoing corrective as well as positive feedback, formatively and summatively, evaluation strategies, legal and ethical considerations, prevention and ways to address supervisee vicarious traumatization, self-care, and management of supervisees who do not meet competence standards. Through use of a competency-based frame, meta-theoretical reflective strategies for practice are modeled.
Our definition of clinical supervision is "Supervision is a distinct professional activity
• In which education and training aimed at developing science-informed practice are facilitated through
• A collaborative interpersonal process
• It involves observation, evaluation, feedback, facilitation of supervisee self-assessment, and acquisition of knowledge and skills by instruction, modeling, and mutual problem-solving.
• Building on the recognition of the strengths and talents of the supervisee, supervision encourages self-efficacy.
• Supervision ensures that clinical (supervision) is conducted in a competent manner in which ethical standards, legal prescriptions, and professional practices are used to promote and protect the welfare of the client, the profession, and society at large (Falender & Shafranske, 2004, p. 3).
• Competency-based standards and guidelines for psychology practice in Australia: opportunities and risks - March 17, 2021
• Decolonizing Psychology Training Conference - A virtual full day conference to critically examine and decolonize curriculum, research, supervision, and mentorship practices. Fri, April 16, 2021 - 6:00 AM – 12:30 PM PDT
• Webinars on Telesupervision, Multicultural Diversity, Telehealth, and Telesupervision
-Ethical and Legal Issues
Best practices in telesupervision in Falender & Shafranske, 2021
• The Business of Behavior: Review by Becca Tagg – Clinical Supervision: The Missing Ingredient
• Clinical Supervision: A Competency-based Approach (2nd ed.)
Published by the American Psychological Association
Carol A. Falender and Edward P. Shafranske (APA, 2021).
• Advancing Competency-Based Clinical Supervision: Challenges and Opportunities
August 3, 2023 - 8:00AM-3:50PM - 7 CE Credits
Presenters: Carol Falender-Zohn, PhD, University of California-Los Angeles; Edward Shafranske, PhD, Pepperdine University
• Ethics and Clinical Supervision in an Era of Globalization
Applied Psychology Around the World - October 2022
Carol A. Falender, Pepperdine University
• American Psycological Association - Continuing Education Credits:
Building and Sustaining a Thriving Private Practice: When to Call in Outside Help
• Clinical Supervision:
A Distinct Professional
May 6th, 2022
by Scope of Practice
• Links for Individual Book Chapters available here:
- Multiculturalism and Diversity in Clinical Supervision: A Competency-Based Approach
- Supervision Essentials for the Practice of Competency-Based Supervision
- Clinical Supervision: A Competency-Based Approach
- Casebook for Clinical Supervision: A Competency-Based Approach
- Consultation in Psychology: A Competency-Based Approach
• Multiculturalism and Diversity in Clinical Supervision: A compentency-based approach
Individual Chapters: https://psycnet.apa.org/PsycBOOKS/toc/14370
• Falender, C., Goodyear, R., Duan, C., Al-Darmaki, F., Bang, K., Çiftçi, A., ... & Partridge, S. (March 2021). Lens on international clinical supervision: Lessons learned from a cross-national comparison of supervision. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 51, 181-189.
• Sample Supervision Contract Template (2021)
• Telesupervision and Clinical Supervision: Supervising in a Trauma-informed Mode - This workshop introduces the most current best practices and guidelines for telesupervision and supervision. Published: May 2021
• New "Telesupervision Contract" From Falender & Shafranske, 2021
• Falender, C. A. Decolonizing Clinical Supervision. Decolonizing Clinical Training.
Teacher’s College, Columbia University, April 16, 2021, 9am EST-10:25 EST
Carol Falender, Ph.D.
in the State of California PSY 5703
310-451-1236 (Phone and Fax)