Carol Falender, Ph.D.



Clinical Professor

Competency-based Clinical Supervision

Essential Practices for Telesupervision

With the recognition that clinical supervision is a distinct professional practice comes the necessity for formal training to competency for supervisors.  Competencies are available for all mental health professions. Competency-based clinical supervision is evolving quickly. A reflective, mindful approach, competency-based clinical supervision is strength-based, focused on upholding values and ethics of the profession, and devoted to enhancing supervisee competence, professionalism, and development while  monitoring and gatekeeping for the protection of the client and the profession. This approach is metatheoretical which means it applicable with every supervision model (e.g., developmental, psychotherapy model-based). Competency-based supervision provides an intentional, systematic approach to supervision practice.

The competency-based approach entails self-assessment of competencies which then serve as the beginning point for goals and tasks of supervision, development of the supervisory relationship, identifying relationship strain, ruptures, and knowing how to repair them. The framework incorporates and infuses multicultural diversity into all its multiple aspects for all participants. Competencies also include monitoring, giving ongoing corrective as well as positive feedback, formatively and summatively, evaluation strategies, legal and ethical considerations, prevention and ways to address supervisee vicarious traumatization, self-care, and management of supervisees who do not meet competence standards. Through use of a competency-based frame, meta-theoretical reflective strategies for practice are modeled.

Our definition of clinical supervision is "Supervision is a distinct professional activity

In which education and training aimed at developing science-informed practice are facilitated through


A collaborative interpersonal process


It involves observation, evaluation, feedback, facilitation of supervisee self-assessment, and acquisition of knowledge and skills by instruction, modeling, and mutual problem-solving.


Building on the recognition of the strengths and talents of the supervisee, supervision encourages self-efficacy.


Supervision ensures that clinical (supervision) is conducted in a competent manner in which ethical standards, legal prescriptions, and professional practices are used to promote and protect the welfare of the client, the profession, and society at large (Falender & Shafranske, 2004, p. 3).


Whats New:


Competency-based standards and guidelines for psychology practice in Australia: opportunities and risks - March 17, 2021


Decolonizing Psychology Training Conference - A virtual full day conference to critically examine and decolonize curriculum, research, supervision, and mentorship practices. Fri, April 16, 2021 - 6:00 AM – 12:30 PM PDT


Webinars on Telesupervision, Multicultural Diversity,  Telehealth, and Telesupervision

 -Best Practices

 -Practice Exercises

 -Ethical and Legal Issues

 -Telesupervision Contracting

 Best practices in telesupervision in Falender & Shafranske, 2021


The Business of Behavior: Review by Becca Tagg – Clinical Supervision: The Missing Ingredient






Clinical Supervision:  A Competency-based Approach (2nd ed.)

Published by the American Psychological Association

Carol A. Falender and Edward P. Shafranske (APA, 2021).



Ethics and Clinical Supervision in an Era of Globalization

Applied Psychology Around the World - October 2022

Carol A. Falender, Pepperdine University


American Psycological Association - Continuing Education Credits:

Building and Sustaining a Thriving Private Practice: When to Call in Outside Help



Clinical Supervision:

A Distinct Professional


May 6th, 2022

by Scope of Practice




Links for Individual Book Chapters available here:

  - Multiculturalism and Diversity in Clinical Supervision: A Competency-Based Approach

  - Supervision Essentials for the Practice of Competency-Based Supervision

  - Clinical Supervision: A Competency-Based Approach

  - Casebook for Clinical Supervision: A Competency-Based Approach

  - Consultation in Psychology: A Competency-Based Approach


Multiculturalism and Diversity in Clinical Supervision: A compentency-based approach

Individual Chapters:


  Falender, C., Goodyear, R., Duan, C., Al-Darmaki, F., Bang, K., Çiftçi, A., ... & Partridge, S.    (March 2021). Lens on international clinical supervision: Lessons learned from a cross-national comparison of supervision. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 51, 181-189.


Sample Supervision Contract Template (2021)


Telesupervision and Clinical Supervision: Supervising in a Trauma-informed Mode - This workshop introduces the most current best practices and guidelines for telesupervision and supervision.  Published: May 2021


New "Telesupervision Contract" From Falender & Shafranske, 2021


Falender, C. A. Decolonizing Clinical Supervision. Decolonizing Clinical Training.

Teacher’s College, Columbia University, April 16, 2021, 9am EST-10:25 EST

Carol Falender, Ph.D.

Licensed Psychologist

in the State of California PSY 5703

310-451-1236 (Phone and Fax)